The long period of street light use has allowed for perfection of the poles that support these luminaires. ASTM C1089-13 - Standard Specification for Spun Cast Prestressed Concrete Poles covers spun cast prestressed concrete poles for use as structural supports meant for not only street lights but also those used for traffic signals and electric transmission, distribution, and communication lines. This standard calls for specifications of the cement, aggregate, water, admixture, and steel used in the pole, in addition to tolerances and load bearing procedures.
As for the lights themselves, several ANSI C136 standards provide appropriate guidelines for their construction and maintenance. The latest revision of ANSI C136.15-2015 - Roadway and Area Lighting Equipment - Luminaire Field IdentificationANSI C136.16-2014 - Roadway and Area Lighting Equipment - Enclosed, Post Top-Mounted Luminaires
While these standards give general guidelines on the construction and maintenance of luminaires, they do not address their specific design, which is often determined by the municipality or city in which the street lights are being installed. The type and placement of street lights is determined as part of many cities’ urban planning procedures, with support from the aforementioned guidelines. For example, in New York City, the standard is the Cobra Head luminaire, which is maintained by the NYC Department of Transportation and used for street and pedestrian lighting.